健康與您: Study: Mushrooms Can Help Dieters

Gorbachev: Environmental Degradation Threatens Planet

Lisa Schlein
April 18, 2013


GENEVA — Mikhail Gorbachev has warned that environmental degradation threatens the health of the planet and the security of future generations.  The former Soviet president's pessimistic assessment of the state of the environment came on the 20th anniversary of the founding of Green Cross International, the non-governmental organization he established after the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.

Mikhail Gorbachev led the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991, and, during the final two years, was its first and last president.  As Soviet leader, he embarked on the polices known as "glasnost," meaning openness, and "perestroika," meaning reconstruction. These iconic terms have become identified with his quest for political reform of the Soviet Union.


Now, Gorbachev finds these same terms resonating with his concerns for the environment.   Via video from Moscow, the founder of Green Cross International says a sustainable perestroika is needed to overcome the unchecked exploitation of natural resources and prevent the further degradation of the environment.  

Gorbachev says perestroika will not work without glasnost.
"In developing and implementing our plans and doing our work on the environment, what we need above all is glasnost," said Gorbachev. "Glasnost and again I say glasnost, so, it is totally wrong and unacceptable when some leaders and some businessmen are trying to force their way, are trying to do what they plan to do, to do their projects without regard for environmental consequences.”  


Gorbachev accuses the international community of failing to respond to the threats facing humanity and the environment.  He says this disregard of the environment has been going on for two decades.  He warns putting profits over people in dealing with climate change and sustainable development is both shortsighted and dangerous.

The former Soviet leader notes the world population will surpass nine billion people by 2050.  He says this population pressure, coupled with a crumbling world economy and unbridled exploitation of the earth’s natural resources, will aggravate today’s environmental crisis.  He says it will lead to more human suffering, increase poverty, and cause more conflict.

"The economy should be re-oriented to other goals," he said. "It should include such public goods as sustainable environment, peoples’ health in the broadest sense of this word, education, culture, and social cohesion-including the overcoming of the huge gap between wealth and poverty.”  

Gorbachev says the future is not preordained, but rather depends on what people do today.  He says it is urgent to move from talk to action to save the environment.  


He appeals especially to young people to act.  He says young people want to live on a healthy planet.  They do not want to live on what he calls "an empty planet."  He says living on a planet that has no drinkable water would be a tragedy.  Young people, he says, can prevent this from happening.


http://www.voafanti.com/gate/big5/www.voanews.com/content/gorbachev-environmental-degradation-threatens-planet/1644471.html
..love is like the wind, you can not see it but you can feel it...
VOA News
April 18, 2013

Parents know that crying babies usually calm down when they are picked up and carried, and a new study explains why.


This image shows infant responses: Top left, squirrel; Top right, red panda; Bottom left, lion; Bottom right, grey mouse lemur. (Photo courtesy RIKEN)

Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan demonstrated that the infant-calming response is prompted by the baby's sense of movement and touch.  Using tiny electro-cardiogram systems, the scientists showed that being carried about led to an immediate slowing of the infant's heart rate.  This was not the case when infants were simply held.

They observed the phenomenon in human and mouse babies, leading Kumi Kuroda, who led the study team, to suggest the response may be an essential part of the mother-infant bonding process.
"It reduces the maternal burden of carrying and is beneficial for both the mother and the infant," she says.


The findings, published in the journal Current Biology, have implications for parenting and could help prevent child abuse.  Kuroda notes that the unnerving effect on adult caregivers of an infant's unsoothable crying is a major risk factor for child abuse.  If parents understand why their baby is crying and how to respond to it, they might be less frustrated.


http://www.voanews.com/content/for-mice-and-humans-comfort-is-being-carried/1644258.html

..love is like the wind, you can not see it but you can feel it...
Study: Mushrooms Can Help Dieters

VOA News/Health
April 22, 2013


The humble mushroom can pack a powerful nutritional punch, according to two new studies released Monday. The edible fungus can help dieters reduce their intake of red meat and still feel full, and can provide as much vitamin D as a nutritional supplement.

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health gave one group of obese adults about one-quarter of a liter of white button mushrooms per day in place of meat. A second group was placed on a standard weight reduction diet.


At the end of a year-long trial, the mushroom group lost more pounds and maintained their weight loss better than the control group. The findings show the benefit of substituting low-energy-density foods, like mushrooms, for high-energy-density foods, like lean ground beef, for reducing energy and fat intake.

In a separate study, at Boston University School of Medicine, researchers randomly gave a small group of healthy adults supplements of either vitamin D2, vitamin D3 or mushroom powder containing vitamin D2 for 12 weeks during the winter. The vitamin, which is crucial for bone health, muscle strength and immune system function, is produced naturally in our skin when exposed to the sun.


At the end of the trial, there was no difference in levels of vitamin D among the three groups. The investigators say their results show that mushrooms are a good natural food source for this important nutrient.

Both studies received funding from The Mushroom Council, a group of U.S. mushroom producers and importers.



http://www.voanews.com/content/mushrooms-pack-nutritional-punch/1646806.html
..love is like the wind, you can not see it but you can feel it...